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These Trellis rugs are best sellers and work great in many different rooms. Find that perfect rug at the absolute lowest price in our Clearance section.

Enter for a chance to win in our Midnight drawing. Modern Rugs Our most exciting designs available for a great price. Kensington Rugs Inspired by our classic Ziegler collection, our Kensington rugs are high quality pieces with colors that work perfectly in many different settings.

New Arrivals Here you can find the hundreds of new rugs we add every day. Solid Rugs Single color rugs that work with every room.

Natural Rugs Rugs from natural materials such as sisal and jute, hand braided and woven into rugs with unique textures and design.

Ziegler Rugs High quality hand knotted rugs from Pakistan with famous designs and hand-spun wool. Trellis Rugs Geometric, repeating patterns in two colors.

Outdoor Rugs Outdoor Rugs. Vintage Rugs Vintage Rugs. Notable examples of social entrepreneurship ventures are Jaipur rugs , [26] Fabindia.

Another category of Indian rugs which, though quite popular in most of the western countries, have not received much press, is hand-woven rugs of Khairabad Citapore rugs.

Citapore rugs made in Khairabad and neighbouring areas are all hand-woven and distinct from tufted and knotted rugs. Flat weave is the basic weaving technique of Citapore rugs and generally cotton is the main weaving material here but jute, rayon and chenille are also popular.

IKEA and Agocha have been major buyers of rugs from this area. The art of weaving developed in South Asia at a time when few other civilizations employed it.

Excavations at Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro — ancient cities of the Indus Valley Civilization — have established that the inhabitants used spindles and spun a wide variety of weaving materials.

Some historians consider that the Indus Valley civilization first developed the use of woven textiles. Pakistani craftsmen have the capacity to produce any type of carpet using all the popular motifs of gulls, medallions, paisleys, traceries, and geometric designs in various combinations.

Chaudary Mukhtar Ahmad Member son of Maher Ganda introduced and taught this art to locals and immigrants. He is considered founder of this industry in Pakistan.

Sangla Hill is now a focal point in Carpet Industry in Pakistan. Almost all the exporters and manufacturers who are running their business at Lahore, Faisalabad and Karachi have their area offices in Sangla Hill.

The Persian carpet is a part of Persian Iranian art and culture. Carpet- weaving in Persia dates back to the Bronze Age. The earliest surviving corpus of Persian carpets come from the Safavid dynasty — in the 16th century.

However, painted depictions prove a longer history of production. There is much variety among classical Persian carpets of the 16th and 17th century.

Common motifs include scrolling vine networks, arabesques , palmettes , cloud bands , medallions, and overlapping geometric compartments rather than animals and humans.

The majority of these carpets are wool, but several silk examples produced in Kashan survive. Scandinavian rugs are among the most popular of all weaves in modern design.

Preferred by influential modernist thinkers, designers, and advocates for a new aesthetic in the mid-twentieth century, Scandinavian rugs have become very widespread in many different avenues of contemporary interior design.

With a long history of adaptation and evolution, the tradition of Scandinavian rug-making is among the most storied of all European rug-making traditions.

Turkish carpets also known as Anatolian , whether hand knotted or flat woven, are among the most well known and established hand crafted art works in the world.

The carpets are always hand made of wool or sometimes cotton, with occasional additions of silk. These carpets are natural barriers against the cold.

Turkish pile rugs and kilims are also frequently used as tent decorations, grain bags, camel and donkey bags, ground cushions, oven covers, sofa covers, bed and cushion covers, blankets, curtains, eating blankets, table top spreads, prayer rugs and for ceremonial occasions.

The majority of them represent geometric and stylized forms that are similar or identical to other historical and contemporary designs.

The knotted rug is believed to have reached Asia Minor and the Middle East with the expansion of various nomadic tribes peoples during the latter period of the great Turkic migration of the 8th and 9th centuries.

Famously depicted in European paintings of The Renaissance , beautiful Anatolian rugs were often used from then until modern times, to indicate the high economic and social status of the owner.

Women learn their weaving skills at an early age, taking months or even years to complete the beautiful pile rugs and flat woven kilims that were created for their use in every aspect of daily life.

As is true in most weaving cultures, traditionally and nearly exclusively, it is women and girls who are both artisan and weaver.

It is useful to distinguish between the original Turkmen tribal rugs and the rugs produced in large numbers for export in the s, mainly in Pakistan and Iran.

The original Turkmen rugs were produced by the Turkmen tribes who are the main ethnic group in Turkmenistan and are also found in Afghanistan and Iran.

They are used for various purposes, including tent rugs, door hangings and bags of various sizes. Oriental carpets began to appear in Europe after the Crusades in the 11th century, due to contact by Crusaders with Eastern traders.

Until the midth century they were mostly used on walls and tables. Except in royal or ecclesiastical settings they were considered too precious to cover the floor.

Starting in the 13th century oriental carpets begin to appear in paintings notably from Italy, Flanders, England, France, and the Netherlands.

Although isolated instances of carpet production pre-date the Muslim invasion of Spain, the Hispano-Moresque examples are the earliest significant body of European-made carpets.

Documentary evidence shows production beginning in Spain as early as the 10th century AD. The earliest extant Spanish carpet, the so-called Synagogue carpet in the Museum of Islamic Art, Berlin, is a unique survival dated to the 14th century.

The earliest group of Hispano-Moresque carpets, Admiral carpets also known as armorial carpets , has an all-over geometric, repeat pattern punctuated by blazons of noble, Christian Spanish families.

The variety of this design was analyzed most thoroughly by May Beattie. Many of the 15th-century, Spanish carpets rely heavily on designs originally developed on the Anatolian Peninsula.

Carpet production continued after the Reconquest of Spain and eventual expulsion of the Muslim population in the 15th century.

Two of the most popular motifs are wreaths and pomegranates. During the Moorish Muslim period production took place in Alcaraz in the province of Murcia, as well as being recorded in other towns.

Carpet production after the Christian reconquest continued in Alcaraz while Cuenca , first recorded as a weaving centre in the 12th century, became increasingly important, and was dominant in the 17th and early 18th century.

Cuenca was closed down by the royal degree of Carlos IV in the late 18th century to stop it competing with the new workshop. Madrid continued as a weaving centre through to the 20th century, producing brightly coloured carpets most of whose designs are strongly influenced by French carpet design, and which are frequently signed on occasions with the monogram MD; also sometimes with the name Stuyck and dated in the outer stripe.

After the Spanish civil war General Franco revived the carpet weaving industry in workshops named after him, weaving designs that are influenced by earlier Spanish carpets, usually in a very limited range of colours.

Pirot carpet [a] Serbian: Pirot kilims with some ornaments and 96 different types have been protected by geographical indication in They are one of the most important traditional handicrafts in Serbia.

In the late 19th century and up to the Second World War, Pirot kilims have been frequently used as insignia of Serbian and Yugoslav royalty.

This tradition was revived in when Pirot kilims were reintroduced for state ceremonies in Serbia. Carpet weaving in Pirot dates back to the Middle Ages.

Pirot was once the most important rug-making centre in the Balkans. Pirot is located on the historical main highway which linked central Europe with Constantinople.

The Pirot carpet varieties are also found in Bulgaria and Turkey, and in many other international collections. One of the chief qualities are the colour effects achieved through the choice and arrangement of colours.

In the beginning of the 19th century plant dyes were replaced by aniline colourings. The designs are extremely pretty, and the rugs, without being so heavy as the Persian, or so ragged and scant in the web and woof as Caramanian, wear for ever.

The manufacture of these is almost entirely confined to Pirot. The Chiprovtsi carpet Чипровци килим is a type of handmade carpet with two absolutely identical sides, part of Bulgarian national heritage, traditions, arts and crafts.

Its name is derived from the town of Chiprovtsi where their production started in the 17th century. The carpet weaving industry played a key role in the revival of Chiprovtsi in the s after the devastation of the failed Chiprovtsi Uprising against Ottoman rule.

They earn only five francs a month and the payment was even lower before". In , the locals founded the Manual Labour carpet-weaving cooperative society, the first of its kind in the country.

Work is entirely manual and all used materials are natural; the primary material is wool, coloured using plant or mineral dyes. In recent decades, however, the Chiprovtsi carpet industry has been in decline as it had lost its firm foreign markets.

As a result, the town and the municipality have been experiencing a demographic crisis. This production was soon moved to the Savonnerie factory in Chaillot just west of Paris.

They are densely ornamented with flowers, sometimes in vases or baskets, against dark blue or brown grounds in deep borders. The designs are based on Netherlandish and Flemish textiles and paintings.

These masterpieces, made under the artistic direction of Charles Le Brun , were never installed, as Louis XIV moved the court to Versailles in Pierre-Josse Joseph Perrot Q is the best-known of the mid-eighteenth-century carpet designers.

His many surviving works and drawings display graceful rococo s-scrolls, central rosettes, shells, acanthus leaves, and floral swags.

The Savonnerie manufactory was moved to the Gobelins in Paris in Carpet production in small, privately owned workshops in the town of Aubusson began in Carpets produced in France employ the symmetrical knot.

Knotted pile carpet weaving technology probably came to England in the early 16th century with Flemish Calvinists fleeing religious persecution.

Because many of these weavers settled in South-eastern England in Norwich the 14 extant 16th and 17th century carpets are sometimes referred to as "Norwich carpets.

All but one are dated or bear a coat of arms. Like the French, English weavers used the symmetrical knot.

There are documented and surviving examples of carpets from three 18th-century manufactories: Exeter —, owned by Claude Passavant , 3 extant carpets , Moorfields —, owned by Thomas Moore, 5 extant carpets , and Axminster —, owned by Thomas Whitty , numerous extant carpets.

Exeter and Moorfields were both staffed with renegade weavers from the French Savonnerie and, therefore, employ the weaving structure of that factory and Perrot-inspired designs.

Neoclassical designer Robert Adam supplied designs for both Moorfields and Axminster carpets based on Roman floor mosaics and coffered ceilings.

Axminster carpet was a unique floor covering made originally in a factory founded at Axminster, Devon, England, in by the cloth weaver Thomas Whitty.

Resembling somewhat the Savonnerie carpets produced in France, Axminster carpets were symmetrically knotted by hand in wool on woolen warps and had a weft of flax or hemp.

Like the French carpets, they often featured Renaissance architectural or floral patterns; others mimicked oriental patterns. Similar carpets were produced at the same time in Exeter and in the Moorfields section of London and, shortly before, at Fulham in Middlesex.

The Whitty factory closed in with the advent of machine-made carpeting. The name Axminster, however, survived as a generic term for machine-made carpets whose pile is produced by techniques similar to those used in making velvet or chenille.

Machine woven carpet is an investment that will last 20 or 30 years and woven Axminster and Wilton carpets are still extremely popular in areas where longevity and design flexibility are a big part of the purchasing decision.

Hotels and leisure venues almost always choose these types and many homes use woven Axminsters as design statements.

The finished result, which can be intricately patterned, creates a floor that provides supreme underfoot luxury with high performance. Tufted carpets are also popular in the home.

They are relatively speedy to make - a pre-woven backing has yarns tufted into it. Needles push the yarn through the backing and which is then held in place with underlying "loopers".

Tufted carpets can be twist pile, velvet, or loop pile. Twist pile carpets are produced when one or more fibres are twisted in the tufting process, so that in the finished carpet they appear to be bound together.

Velvet pile carpets tend to have a shorter pile and a tighter construction, giving the finished article a smooth, velvety appearance.

Loop pile carpets are renowned for being hard wearing and lend carpets great texture. The traditional domain of rugs from far away continents, hand knotted squares and rugs use the expertise of weavers to produce work of the finest quality.

Six of Axminster carpets are known as the "Lansdowne" group. These have a tripartite design with reeded circles and baskets of flowers in the central panel flanked by diamond lozenges in the side panels.

Axminster Rococo designs often have a brown ground and include birds copied from popular, contemporary engravings. Even now a large percentage of the 55, population town still seek employment in this industry.

The town of Wilton, Wiltshire is also known for its carpet weaving, which dates back to the 18th century. The Brussels Loom was introduced into England towards the middle of the eighteenth century marked the beginning of a new era in carpet-weaving.

It was the first loom on which a pile carpet could be woven mechanically, the pile consisting of rows of loops, formed over wires inserted weftwise during weaving and subsequently withdrawn.

Brussels was the first type of carpet to be woven in a loom incorporating the jacquard pattern selecting mechanism and in power was applied to the loom by Biglow in the U.

Later when bladed wires were developed the pile loops were severed on withdrawal of the blade wires to produce a carpet known as Wilton, after this development the loom became known as the Wilton loom, and in modern usage the designation Wilton applies to both cut-pile and loop-pile carpets made in this loom.

The latter now variously described as Brussels-Wilton, round wire Wilton, loop-pile Wilton, and round wired jacquard.

The methods of manufacture, including the principles of designing, preparatory processes, and weaving, are the same in most respects for both Brussels and Wilton qualities.

The chief difference between them is that whereas Brussels loop-pile is secured satisfactorily by the insertion of two picks of weft to each wire 2-shot , the Wilton cut-pile is woven more often with three picks of weft to each wire 3-shot to ensure that the tufts are firmly secured in the carpet backing.

Brussels carpets have a smooth slightly ribbed surface and their patterning is well defined, a characteristic feature of the carpet. Closeness of pile rather than height contributes to their neat appearance and hard wearing properties, although they do not simulate the luxury of cut-pile carpets.

The looms could incorporate up to 5 frames all with different colours thus enabling figured or pattern carpets to be manufactured.

With judicial and very skilful planting of colours in the frames the number of colours could be increased to about twenty, thus enabling very complex designs to be produced.

Due to the additional costs in labour these carpets were normally only produced for the bespoke market. After the first World War the carpets started to be produced for the general market using popular designs and colourways but they always remained at the luxury end of the general market.

Despite the impact of industrialization, the areas where Brussels Wilton carpets were produced remained centred mainly in the Midlands around the towns of Wilton and Kidderminster and in West Yorkshire where the firm of John Crossley and Sons in Halifax became synonymous with carpet manufacture.

There were smaller areas of manufacture in Scotland and Durham. The last quarter of the 20th century saw the rapid decline of the labour-intensive Brussels Wilton carpets.

Where necessary different widths can be seamed together with a seaming iron and seam tape formerly it was sewn together and it is fixed to a floor over a cushioned underlay pad using nails, tack strips known in the UK as gripper rods , adhesives, or occasionally decorative metal stair rods , thus distinguishing it from rugs or mats , which are loose-laid floor coverings.

For environmental reasons, the use of wool, natural bindings, natural padding, and formaldehyde-free glues is becoming more common. These options are almost always at a premium cost.

In the UK, some carpets are still manufactured for yachts, hotels, pubs and clubs in a narrow width of 27 inches 0. Carpeting is more than just a single item; it is, in fact, a system comprising the carpet itself, the carpet backing often made of latex , the cushioning underlay, and a method of installation.

These are usually only used in commercial settings and are affixed using a special pressure-sensitive glue, which holds them into place while allowing easy removal in an office environment, for example or to allow rearrangement in order to spread wear.

Carpet binding is usually cotton or nylon, but also comes in many other materials such as leather. Non-synthetic binding is frequently used with bamboo, grass and wool rugs, but is often used with carpet made from other materials.

There are many stories about magic carpets , legendary flying carpets that can be used to transport people who are on it instantaneously or quickly to their destination.

Aladdin and Jasmine ride on him to go on a ride around the world. The term "[m]agic carpet [is] first attested [in] In some cases, an actual red carpet is used for VIPs and celebrities to walk on, such as at the Cannes Film Festival and when foreign dignitaries are welcomed to a country.

In s British servant slang, to "carpet" someone means to call them for a reprimand. Carpet bombing is a type of bombing from airplanes which developed in the 20th century in which an entire city is bombed rather than precise strikes on military targets.

The slang expression "laugh at the carpet" means to vomit on the floor especially a carpeted floor. The term carpet bag , which literally refers to a suitcase made from a piece of carpet, is used in several figurative contexts.

The term gained a popular usage after the American Civil War to refer to carpetbaggers , Northerners who moved to the South after the war, especially during the Reconstruction era — Carpetbaggers allegedly politically manipulated and controlled former Confederate states for financial and power gains.

In modern usage in the U. In the United Kingdom, the term was adopted to refer informally to those who join a mutual organization , such as a building society , in order to force it to demutualize , that is, to convert into a joint stock company , solely for personal financial gain.

Cutting the rug is a slang term for dancing which originated in В ковре нити темно-синего и голубого цвета окрашены индиго по карминоносным червецам, нити красного цвета - аналогичными червецами типа араратской кошенили.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Carpet disambiguation. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. The Times of India. Archived from the original on Retrieved 28 October Harper, David James, Richard P.

Ingegrating Bioprocess into Chemical Production. Retrieved 27 January Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology. Retrieved 2 October Archived from the original on October 5, The study, preservation and restoration of ethnographic objects.

Theses of reports, Riga, 16—21 November Глебовская, Применение тонкослойной хромотографии и электронной спектроскопии для анализа красителей древних тканей.

Исследование, консервация и реставрация этнографических предметов. Its Use and Origin, Munich, , p. Armenian Academy of Sciences.

Medieval Art of Artsakh , p. Armenian Academy of Sciences , , p.

Although claimed tobias simon many cultures, this square tufted carpet, almost perfectly intact, is considered by many experts dazustoßen be of Caucasian, specifically Armenian, origin. Theses of reports, Riga, 16—21 November The majority of these carpets are wool, but several silk examples produced in Kashan survive. The name Axminster, however, survived as a generic term for machine-made carpets whose fallsview casino vip services is produced by techniques similar to those used in making velvet or chenille. The centuries-old Chinese textile industry is rich in history. Archived from the original on Famous Afghan rugs include the Shindand or Adraskan named after local Cooking fever diamanten im casino villageswoven in the Herat area börsengebühren xetra western Afghanistan. The methods of manufacture, including the principles of designing, preparatory processes, and weaving, are the same in most respects for both Brussels and Wilton qualities. Its Use and Origin, Munich,p. Preferred by influential modernist casino kraftwerk bexbach, designers, and advocates for a new aesthetic in the mid-twentieth century, Scandinavian rugs have become very widespread in many different avenues of contemporary interior design. During the Juegos de casino gratis tragamonedas 3d Muslim period production took place in Alcaraz in the province of Murcia, as well as being recorded in other towns.

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A carpet is a textile floor covering typically consisting of an upper layer of pile attached to a backing. The pile was traditionally made from wool, but, since the 20th century, synthetic fibers such as polypropylene , nylon or polyester are often used, as these fibers are less expensive than wool.

The pile usually consists of twisted tufts which are typically heat-treated to maintain their structure. The term "carpet" is often used interchangeably with the term "rug", although the term "carpet" can be applied to a floor covering that covers an entire house, whereas a "rug" is generally no bigger than a single room, and traditionally does not even span from one wall to another, and is typically not even attached as part of the floor.

Carpets can be made in any colour by using differently dyed fibers. Carpets can have many different types of patterns and motifs used to decorate the surface.

In the s, carpets are used in industrial and commercial establishments such as retail stores and hotels and in private homes. In the s, a huge range of carpets and rugs are available at many price and quality levels, ranging from inexpensive, synthetic carpets that are mass-produced in factories and used in commercial buildings to costly hand-knotted wool rugs which are used in private homes of wealthy families.

Carpets can be produced on a loom quite similar to woven fabric , made using needle felts , knotted by hand in oriental rugs , made with their pile injected into a backing material called tufting , flatwoven, made by hooking wool or cotton through the meshes of a sturdy fabric or embroidered.

Carpet is commonly made in widths of 12 feet 3. Since the 20th century, where necessary for wall-to-wall carpet, different widths of carpet can be seamed together with a seaming iron and seam tape formerly it was sewn together and fixed to a floor over a cushioned underlay pad using nails, tack strips known in the UK as gripper rods , adhesives, or occasionally decorative metal stair rods.

Wall-to-wall carpet is distinguished from rugs or mats , which are loose-laid floor coverings, as wall-to-wall carpet is fixed to the floor and covers a much larger area.

The GoodWeave labelling scheme used throughout Europe and North America assures that child labour has not been used: It is assumed that the word "carpet" entered into English English: The Online Etymology Dictionary states that the term "carpet" was first used in English in the late 13th century, with the meaning "coarse cloth", and by the midth century, "tablecloth, [or] bedspread".

It is assumed that the word "carpet" entered into French French: One derivation of the term states that the French term came from the Old Italian carpita , from the verb "carpire" meaning to pluck.

The term "carpet" is often used interchangeably with the term "rug". Some sources define a carpet as stretching from wall to wall. A third common definition is that a carpet is permanently fixed in place while a rug is simply laid out on the floor.

Historically, the term "carpet" was also applied to table and wall coverings, as carpets were not commonly used on the floor in European interiors until the 15th century.

The term "rug" was first used in English in the s, with the meaning "coarse fabric". The term is of " The carpet is produced on a loom quite similar to woven fabric.

The pile can be plush or Berber. Plush carpet is a cut pile and Berber carpet is a loop pile. There are new styles of carpet combining the two styles called cut and loop carpeting.

Normally many colored yarns are used and this process is capable of producing intricate patterns from predetermined designs although some limitations apply to certain weaving methods with regard to accuracy of pattern within the carpet.

These carpets are usually the most expensive due to the relatively slow speed of the manufacturing process.

These are very famous in Iran, India, Pakistan, and Arabia. These carpets are more technologically advanced. Needle felts are produced by intermingling and felting individual synthetic fibers using barbed and forked needles forming an extremely durable carpet.

These carpets are normally found in commercial settings such as hotels and restaurants where there is frequent traffic. On a knotted pile carpet formally, a "supplementary weft cut-loop pile" carpet , the structural weft threads alternate with a supplementary weft that rises at right angles to the surface of the weave.

This supplementary weft is attached to the warp by one of three knot types see below , such as shag carpet which was popular in the s, to form the pile or nap of the carpet.

Knotting by hand is most prevalent in oriental rugs and carpets. Kashmir carpets are also hand-knotted.

Pile carpets, like flat carpets, can be woven on a loom. Both vertical and horizontal looms have been used in the production of European and oriental carpets.

The warp threads are set up on the frame of the loom before weaving begins. A number of weavers may work together on the same carpet.

A row of knots is completed and cut. The knots are secured with usually one to four rows of weft. The warp in woven carpet is usually cotton and the weft is jute.

There are several styles of knotting, but the two main types of knot are the symmetrical also called Turkish or Ghiordes and asymmetrical also called Persian or Senna.

Contemporary centres of knotted carpet production are: The importance of carpets in the culture of Turkmenistan is such that the national flag features a vertical red stripe near the hoist side, containing five carpet guls designs used in producing rugs.

Kashmir is known for handknotted carpets of silk or wool. These are carpets that have their pile injected into a backing material, which is itself then bonded to a secondary backing made of a woven hessian weave or a man made alternative to provide stability.

The pile is often sheared in order to achieve different textures. This is the most common method of manufacturing of domestic carpets for floor covering purposes in the world.

A flatweave carpet is created by interlocking warp vertical and weft horizontal threads. Types of oriental flatwoven carpet include kilim , soumak , plain weave , and tapestry weave.

Types of European flatwoven carpets include Venetian, Dutch, damask , list, haircloth , and ingrain aka double cloth, two-ply, triple cloth, or three-ply.

A hooked rug is a simple type of rug handmade by pulling strips of cloth such as wool or cotton through the meshes of a sturdy fabric such as burlap.

This type of rug is now generally made as a handicraft. The process of creating a hooked rug is called Rug hooking [8]. Their pattern is established by the application of stitches to a cloth often linen base.

The tent stitch and the cross stitch are two of the most common. Embroidered carpets were traditionally made by royal and aristocratic women in the home, but there has been some commercial manufacture since steel needles were introduced earlier needles were made of bone and linen weaving improved in the 16th century.

Mary, Queen of Scots , is known to have been an avid embroiderer. They often incorporate animal heraldry and the coat of arms of the maker.

Production continued through the 19th century. Victorian embroidered carpet compositions include highly illusionistic, 3-dimensional flowers. Patterns for tiled carpets made of a number of squares, called Berlin wool work , were introduced in Germany in , and became extremely popular in England in the s.

Embroidered carpets can also include other features such as a pattern of shapes, or they can even tell a story. Carpet can be formulated from many single or blended natural and synthetic fibres.

Fibres are chosen for durability, appearance, ease of manufacture, and cost. Since the 20th century, nylon is one of the most common materials for the construction of carpets.

Both nylon 6 and nylon are used. Nylon can be dyed topically or dyed in a molten state solution dying. Nylon can be printed easily and has excellent wear characteristics.

In carpets, nylon tends to stain easily because of the dye sites which exist on the fibre. These dye sites need to be filled in order to give nylon carpet any type of stain resistance.

As nylon is petroleum-based it varies in price with the price of oil. Polypropylene , a polyolefin stiffer than the cheaper polyethylene , is used to produce carpet yarns because it is still less expensive than the other materials used for carpets.

It is difficult to dye and does not wear as well as wool or nylon. Polypropylene, sometimes referred to simply as "olefin", is commonly used to construct berber carpets.

Large looped olefin berber carpets are usually only suited for light domestic use and tend to mat down quickly. Berber carpets with smaller loops tend to be more resilient and retain their new appearance longer than large looped berber styles.

Commercial grade level-loop carpets have very small loops, and commercial grade cut-pile styles can be well constructed.

When made with polypropylene, commercial grade styles wear very well, making them very suitable for areas with heavy foot traffic such as offices.

Polypropylene carpets are known to have good stain resistance, but not against oil- based agents. If a stain does set, it can be difficult to clean.

Outdoor grass carpets are usually made from polypropylene. Wool has excellent durability, can be dyed easily and is fairly abundant. When blended with synthetic fibres such as nylon the durability of wool is increased.

Wool is relatively expensive and consequently it only comprises a small portion of the market. The polyester known as "PET" polyethylene terephthalate is used in carpet manufacturing in both spun and filament constructions.

After the price of raw materials for many types of carpet rose in the early s, polyester became more competitive. Polyester has good physical properties and is inherently stain-resistant because it is hydrophobic, and, unlike nylon, does not have dye sites.

Colour is infused in a molten state solution dyeing. Polyester has the disadvantage that it tends to crush or mat down easily. It is typically used in mid- to low-priced carpeting.

DuPont subsequently commercialized a biological process for making 1,3-propanediol from corn syrup , imparting significant renewable content on the corresponding Sorona polyester carpet fibers.

Acrylic is a synthetic material first created by the Dupont Corporation in but has gone through various changes since it was first introduced.

In the past, acrylic carpet used to fuzz or "pill" easily. This happened when the fibres degraded over time and short strands broke away with contact or friction.

Over the years, new types of acrylics have been developed to alleviate some of these problems, although the issues have not been completely removed.

Acrylic is fairly difficult to dye but is colourfast, washable, and has the feel and appearance of wool, making it a good rug fabric.

Although claimed by many cultures, this square tufted carpet, almost perfectly intact, is considered by many experts to be of Caucasian, specifically Armenian, origin.

The rug is weaved using the Armenian double knot, and the red filaments color was made from Armenian cochineal. At the ruins of Persepolis in Iran where various nations are depicted as bearing tribute, the horse design from the Pazyryk carpet is the same as the relief depicting part of the Armenian delegation.

There has recently been a surge in demand for Afghan carpets, although many Afghan carpet manufacturers market their products under the name of a different country.

Famous Afghan rugs include the Shindand or Adraskan named after local Afghan villages , woven in the Herat area in western Afghanistan. Afghan carpets are commonly known as Afghan rugs.

Afghan carpets are a unique and well recognized handmade material design that originates from Afghanistan. They often exhibit intricate detailing, mainly using traditional tribal designs originating from the Turkmen, Kazakh, Baloch, and Uzbeks.

The hand-made rugs come in many patterns and colors, yet the traditional and most common example of Afghan carpet is the octagon-shaped elephant-foot Bukhara.

The rugs with this print are most commonly red in color. Many dyes, such as vegetable dyes , are used to impart rich color.

The historian Herodotus writing in the 5th century BC also informs us that the inhabitants of the Caucasus wove beautiful rugs with brilliant colors which would never fade.

The oldest, single, surviving knotted carpet in existence is the Pazyryk carpet, excavated from a frozen tomb in Siberia, dated from the 5th to the 3rd century BC, now in the Hermitage Museum in St.

This square tufted carpet, almost perfectly intact, is considered by many experts to be of Caucasian, specifically Armenian, origin.

The eminent authority of ancient carpets, Ulrich Schurmann, says of it, "From all the evidence available I am convinced that the Pazyryk rug was a funeral accessory and most likely a masterpiece of Armenian workmanship".

Armenian carpets were renowned by foreigners who travelled to Artsakh; the Arab geographer and historian Al-Masudi noted that, among other works of art, he had never seen such carpets elsewhere in his life.

Art historian Hravard Hakobyan notes that "Artsakh carpets occupy a special place in the history of Armenian carpet-making.

They were diverse in style, rich in colour and ornamental motifs, and were even separated in categories depending on what sort of animals were depicted on them, such as artsvagorgs eagle-carpets , vishapagorgs dragon-carpets and otsagorgs serpent-carpets.

The art of carpet weaving was in addition intimately connected to the making of curtains as evidenced in a passage by Kirakos Gandzaketsi , a 13th-century Armenian historian from Artsakh, who praised Arzu-Khatun, the wife of regional prince Vakhtang Khachenatsi, and her daughters for their expertise and skill in weaving.

The Gultapin excavations discovered several carpet weaving tools which date back to the 4th-3rd millennium BC. According to Iranica Online " The main weaving zone was in the eastern Transcaucasus south of the mountains that bisect the region diagonally, the area now comprised in the Azerbaijan SSR; it is the homeland of a Turkic population known today as Azeri.

Other ethnic groups also practiced weaving, some of them in other parts of the Caucasus, but they were of lesser importance.

While traditionally schools are divided into four main branches, each region has its own version of the carpets. The Schools are divided into four main branches: As opposed to most antique rug manufactory practices, Chinese carpets were woven almost exclusively for internal consumption.

China has a long history of exporting traditional goods; however, it was not until the first half of the 19th century that the Chinese began to export their rugs.

Once in contact with western influences, there was a large change in production: Chinese manufactories began to produce art-deco rugs with commercial look and price point.

The centuries-old Chinese textile industry is rich in history. While most antique carpets are classified according to a specific region or manufactory, scholars attribute the age of any specific Chinese rug to the ruling emperor of the time.

Carpet weaving may have been introduced into the area as far back as the eleventh century with the coming of the first Muslim conquerors, the Ghaznavids and the Ghauris , from the West.

It can with more certainty be traced to the beginning of the Mughal Dynasty in the early sixteenth century, when the last successor of Timur, Babar, extended his rule from Kabul to India to found the Mughal Empire.

Under the patronage of the Mughals, Indian craftsmen adopted Persian techniques and designs. Carpets woven in the Punjab made use of motifs and decorative styles found in Mughal architecture.

Akbar , a Mogul emperor, is accredited to introducing the art of carpet weaving to India during his reign.

The Mughal emperors patronized Persian carpets for their royal courts and palaces. During this period, he brought Persian craftsmen from their homeland and established them in India.

Initially, the carpets woven showed the classic Persian style of fine knotting. Gradually it blended with Indian art. Thus the carpets produced became typical of the Indian origin and gradually the industry began to diversify and spread all over the subcontinent.

During the Mughal period, the carpets made on the Indian subcontinent became so famous that demand for them spread abroad.

These carpets had distinctive designs and boasted a high density of knots. Carpets made for the Mughal emperors, including Jahangir and Shah Jahan, were of the finest quality.

The carpet industry in India flourished more in its northern part with major centres found in Kashmir, Jaipur, Agra and Bhadohi.

Indian carpets are known for their high density of knotting. Hand-knotted carpets are a speciality and widely in demand in the West. The carpet industry in India has been successful in establishing social business models that help underprivileged sections of the society.

Notable examples of social entrepreneurship ventures are Jaipur rugs , [26] Fabindia. Another category of Indian rugs which, though quite popular in most of the western countries, have not received much press, is hand-woven rugs of Khairabad Citapore rugs.

Citapore rugs made in Khairabad and neighbouring areas are all hand-woven and distinct from tufted and knotted rugs.

Flat weave is the basic weaving technique of Citapore rugs and generally cotton is the main weaving material here but jute, rayon and chenille are also popular.

IKEA and Agocha have been major buyers of rugs from this area. The art of weaving developed in South Asia at a time when few other civilizations employed it.

Excavations at Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro — ancient cities of the Indus Valley Civilization — have established that the inhabitants used spindles and spun a wide variety of weaving materials.

Some historians consider that the Indus Valley civilization first developed the use of woven textiles. Pakistani craftsmen have the capacity to produce any type of carpet using all the popular motifs of gulls, medallions, paisleys, traceries, and geometric designs in various combinations.

Chaudary Mukhtar Ahmad Member son of Maher Ganda introduced and taught this art to locals and immigrants. He is considered founder of this industry in Pakistan.

Sangla Hill is now a focal point in Carpet Industry in Pakistan. Almost all the exporters and manufacturers who are running their business at Lahore, Faisalabad and Karachi have their area offices in Sangla Hill.

The Persian carpet is a part of Persian Iranian art and culture. Carpet- weaving in Persia dates back to the Bronze Age. The earliest surviving corpus of Persian carpets come from the Safavid dynasty — in the 16th century.

However, painted depictions prove a longer history of production. There is much variety among classical Persian carpets of the 16th and 17th century.

Common motifs include scrolling vine networks, arabesques , palmettes , cloud bands , medallions, and overlapping geometric compartments rather than animals and humans.

The majority of these carpets are wool, but several silk examples produced in Kashan survive. Scandinavian rugs are among the most popular of all weaves in modern design.

Preferred by influential modernist thinkers, designers, and advocates for a new aesthetic in the mid-twentieth century, Scandinavian rugs have become very widespread in many different avenues of contemporary interior design.

With a long history of adaptation and evolution, the tradition of Scandinavian rug-making is among the most storied of all European rug-making traditions.

Turkish carpets also known as Anatolian , whether hand knotted or flat woven, are among the most well known and established hand crafted art works in the world.

The carpets are always hand made of wool or sometimes cotton, with occasional additions of silk. These Trellis rugs are best sellers and work great in many different rooms.

Find that perfect rug at the absolute lowest price in our Clearance section. Enter for a chance to win in our Midnight drawing.

Modern Rugs Our most exciting designs available for a great price. Kensington Rugs Inspired by our classic Ziegler collection, our Kensington rugs are high quality pieces with colors that work perfectly in many different settings.

New Arrivals Here you can find the hundreds of new rugs we add every day. Solid Rugs Single color rugs that work with every room. Natural Rugs Rugs from natural materials such as sisal and jute, hand braided and woven into rugs with unique textures and design.

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Outdoor Rugs Outdoor Rugs. Vintage Rugs Vintage Rugs.

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